Slavery

WINGFIELD Slave Manifests From a Ship Named The FLORIDA 1856 & 1859

The-FLORIDA-Slave-Manifest---WINGFIELD-1856---Various

Plantation musings have been ROUGH! When my soul’s Teflon coating has regenerated, I plan to invest time researching these WINGFIELD Slave Manifests discovered via Ancestry’s U.S., Southeast Coastwise Inward and Outward Slave Manifests, 1790-1860.

By my estimates my 6th and/or 7th generation Ancestors could have been Africa-born and survived The Middle Passage.

Inspired by AAGSAR Member Cecilia of Cecilia’s Dig and her 3rd Great Grandfather Mr. Major PERRY, I took a chance locating slave ship manifests for my WINGFIELD and CODY Ancestors of Georgia, and ended up finding several.

For tonight, I’m posting two (2) WINGFIELD manifests from the slave vessel THE FLORIDA — arrival ports Mobile, Alabama (1856) and Savannah, Georgia (1859).

The unknown Ancestors on the slave manifests were owned by WINGFIELDS of Georgia. Given the years of the purchases, I’ll start looking at records for Archibald Simpson WINGFIELD I (b. 1801 – d. 1861). The son of Samuel WINGFIELD, Archibald outlived many of his relatives. In addition to his slave inheritance, as a practicing lawyer he was often named executor of and/or witness to their estates. Archibald, Charles and Garland WINGFIELD owned the majority of my Washington-Wilkes Ancestors in 1860:

  • WINGFIELD, A. S., 66 slaves, page 478B
  • WINGFIELD, C. for self and 2 others, 57 slaves, page 479B
  • WINGFIELD, G., 83 slaves, […]

Finding NO Peace In PEACEWOOD: My WINGFIELD Ancestors Plantation Home

Peacewood I - WINGFIELD Wilkes County GAWINGFIELD-CADE-SAUNDERS House (PEACEWOOD) circa 1936

When I really peer beneath the surface of our country’s damaged history, and how human transgressions have been processed by the descendants inheriting it, I’m challenged to find our cultural silver lining.

I believe the healing salve for historic ignorance and human cruelty lies within our yet to be lived future; to be championed by the untainted souls of descendants far removed from the slave legacy I inherited.

Am I saying Generations X, Baby Boomers and beyond are hopeless? Sadly, yes.

The longer I live, I find it harder to vest in the goodness of mankind when he’s still very much covered in his Ancestors history-stamped residue.

For example, while scanning this 2010 Tours of Home blog post regarding PEACEWOOD, the plantation my WINGFIELD Ancestors built and sustained while enslaved by Thomas WINGFIELD and his descendants, I immediately became angry reading this narrative:

This beautiful old plantation home is a significant and interesting example of a house assembled from different periods and made into a columned plantation seat in the 1840s and 1850s during the period of prosperity before the Civil War.

Beautiful?! William Johnson is referring to the time period when MY ANCESTORS were bought, sold, raped, bred, tormented, overworked and subjugated to the discretion of his or her WINGFIELD owner. A period when their free labor was exploited, bartered […]

U.S. COLORED TROOPS: WINGFIELD Union Soldiers of the Civil War

Company B 103 Regiment - Unidentified Civil War UNION SoldierEarlier tonight Bernita ALLEN (Air Force SME) of AAGSAR (African American Genealogy and Slave Ancestry Research) shared an awesome site to research your Civil War Ancestors, the National Park Service: Soldiers and Sailors Database.

I’ve already identified 8 WINGFIELD Civil War Soldiers I need to research further to determine if a family connection exists!

Albeit connected by SURNAME, blood and/or plight, I honor these WINGFIELD men of service. I’ll keep you posted on connections too! AMAZING!:)

Luckie

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Wingfield, Albert

  • Regiment Name: 13th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
  • Side: Union

Wingfield, Alexander

  • Regiment Name: 115th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
  • Side: Union

Wingfield, Charles

  • Regiment Name: 95th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
  • Side: Union

Wingfield, Charles

  • Regiment Name: 97th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
  • Side: Union

Wingfield, John

  • Regiment Name: 95th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
  • Side: Union
  • Alternate Name: John/Winfield

Wingfield, John

  • Regiment Name: 97th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
  • Side: Union
  • Alternate Name: John/Winfield

Wingfield, John

  • Regiment Name: 103rd Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
  • Side: Union
  • Alternate Name: John/Wingfield

Wingfield, William

  • Regiment Name: 1st Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
  • Side: Union

USCT Recruitment Poster

NOTE: NPS Soldiers and Sailors database results returned 222 WINGFIELD Confederate Soliders. I also plan to research my Confederate Ancestors of military service

REFERENCES:

A Tale of Many Elberts ~ CODY, DORSEY, DAWSON, WINGFIELD & STRINGER

Elbert STRINGERNeedless to say, I probably should have documented our family Elberts long ago! Truth is, I’m really just now beginning to get a handle on them myself!:)

Cousin Elbert STRINGER (pictured left) is the reason we have Our Georgia Roots. His razor-sharp memory provided all the early “nuggets” that laid the foundation for what was to come. Elbert passed in 1999 and I miss him dearly. He was a sweet, sharp-as-a-tack, family loving man!:)

All our Elberts descend from the Warren County Georgia CODY and DORSEY family lines.

I believe my 4th Great Grandfather Elbert CODY I had children with two sisters – Ailey I (my 4th Great Grandmother) and Dicey (my 4th Great Aunt; Mother to Pierce CODY and siblings).

So in addition to Elbert CODY I having at least 1 son who was his namesake,  he also had several children and grandchildren gift him the same honor!

The result? Elberts many times over!:)

Below is my first attempt at making sense of the Tale of Many Elberts. Naming patterns is a gift to the descendant researcher of slave ancestry. The naming nuances shed light on family clusters and relationships in the absence of verifiable documentation.

I suspect this post will updated in the days ahead, given my Elbert names and family cluster details are always becoming clearer.

Elbert CODY:

  • Elbert CODY I – b. 1820 and identified in the 1832 estate and will of Michael CODY. 4th Great Grandfather. Father of […]

Pierce CODY of Macon Georgia, Much More Than a Slave Narrative

Pierce Cody - Macon GA City Directory 1924Born about 1850, Pierce CODY is my 3rd great grand uncle; brother-cousin to my 3rd great Grandmother Catie WINGFIELD-DORSEY and Aunt Ailey II CODY DORSEY.

Born into slavery in Warrenton, WARREN County Georgia, Pierce’s parents were Elbert, my 4th Great Grandfather and Dicey (Dorothy) CODY. I believe even before he was emancipated Pierce took Fannie (b. about 1851) as his wife and they had at least two (2) children, Sarah (b. 1872) and Harry (b. 1880).

Pierce’s 1937 WPA Slave Narrative came to me early in my research (1999) and I knew immediately he belonged to me.

Reflections of life on Bob CODY’s place, mirrored Catie’s WARREN County plantation memories of “Master CODY” and her sister, Ailey. Learning Pierce’s father carried the name Elbert shed light on the origin of a long-standing family name!

Catie named a son Elbert WINGFIELD, and her grandson cousin Elbert STRINGER’s ability to remember our family’s oral history is the reason we have Our Georgia Roots today!:)

I’m thankful for the gift Pierce’s WPA Narrative has been, but my uncle lived nearly 90 years! Slavery and his reflections of it were but a small portion of a full life. I’d be remiss to allow that narrative to be the only one reflective of his […]

1867 Voters & Reconstruction Oath Book: Seaborn CODY – Warren County GA

Seaborn CODY - 1867 Oath Book Warren County GAA few days ago, while researching Family Search GEORGIA probate records I discovered two individual CODY bills of sale – a boy Seaborn sold to Wm CASTLEBERRY (1833 by Rebecca CODY) and a woman Sarah, sold with her child by Edmund CODY to Jesse R. BEALL (1854), a Warren County overseer.

I wasn’t looking for Seaborn or Sarah, and don’t know their exact relationship to my CODYS — though I’m sure there is one. It just pained me to see them sold. I felt their names deserved to be called and plight recognized.

So I posted both bills of sale records along with information I could supplement them with.

Kristin CLEAGE and I shared one common wish, that both Seaborn and Sarah knew freedom.

For reasons I may never clearly understand, Seaborn is familiar to me. He was sold by Rebecca CODY, wife of Michael, mother of Madison and Jeptha. So he is connected to me in some manner.

There’s a Seab referenced in the C.C. CODY journal; a slave still on the plantation close to the end of the Civil War. It’s possible the family could have acquired Seaborn back at some point. They had ongoing dealings with CASTLEBERRY. Only time will tell.

Today I felt the […]

1832 Inventory & Appraisement Estate of Edmund CODY – Warren County Georgia

Ike & Anne May HILLMAN - Greene County GAEdmund and Michael CODY were the sons of James Archdeacon CODY and Sarah WOMACK. According to Michael’s will, their property lines were adjoined, along with George HARDAWAY’S land. George married Sarah CODY, Edmund’s daughter. The JOHNSON and HILLMAN families were also close by.

Edmund’s descendants originally owned my maternal line – Rachel, Ailey I, Ailey II, Catie, Dicey; Michael’s descendants my paternal line – Elbert, Old Rose, Rosetta, Grace. Eventually, as CODYS died and willed my Ancestors down their family line, and the slaves married and intermingled, the division became far more blurry.

My theory is my 5th Grandfather Elbert CODY owned by Michael, first had children Catie and Ailey II with Ailey I, my 5th Grandmother owned by Edmund first and then his grandson Robert CODY. Sometime after 1855 Elbert began having children with Dicey, also owned by Bob CODY. They remained together post-Emancipation.

The number one question to answer, were Ailey I and Dicey sisters, and was Rachel Mother to both? If yes, this would make Rachel my second 6th Warren County Grandmother, believing Old Rose (owned by Michael CODY) to be the other.

I also need to confirm if Robert Donelson CODY died in 1852 and if he did, which CODY purchased his estate? Catie was born about 1850 and had memories of being on the plantation with “Master CODY”. This tells me I need to look further than Bob CODY and revisit Pierce’s slave narrative for missed clues.

Could Marion Michael (Madison’s Brother, another Michael Descendant) have been […]

1832 Inventory & Appraisment Estate of Michael CODY – Warren County Georgia

Ailey & Catie CODYI’ve said many a day, if I could just see the estate inventories of Michael and Edmund CODY I could really learn some things about my CODY Ancestors.

Well yesterday, I got my wish! Thanks to the ongoing build of GEORGIA Probate Records 1742-1990 by Family Search, for the first time in 15 years I was able to study more than the transcribed wills of the two slave owners who played such a pivotal role in my Georgia Ancestors lives. I now have insight into their estate inventories.

There’s MUCH analysis ahead and many clues to source. I’m relieved to see the names of Ancestors but equally heartbroken by their circumstance.

Today, I needed to get this 182 year old relic, the 1832 Inventory and appraisment of the Estate of Michael CODY, posted and give light to my CODY Ancestors!

I’m calling your names and I’ve brought Catie and Ailey II out to welcome you home!:)

I’ve learned more about you this week, than in all the time I’ve sought your names and stories. #GRATITUDE

  • 5 aces(?) 2.00 Armsted negro man 275.00 Jack negro man 312.50 — 589.50
  • George negro man 475.00 Lewis negro man 475.00 John do do 500 — 1450.00
  • Jefferson 500.00  Harrison’s John 475.00 Daniel 500.00 Garrison 475.00 — 1950.00
  • Reddick 500.00 Anderson 400.00 Abraham 475.00 Jerry a Boy 400.00 — 1775.00
  • Elias a boy 350.00 Reuben do 325.00 Henry do 275.00 Anthony 250.00 — 1200.00
  • Stephen 250.00 Elbert 250.00 Siller a girl 275.00 Cynthia do 350.00 — 1125.00
  • Eliza 375.00 Ailsey & her 4 children Martha, Mariah, Vina & Ellick 950.00 — 1325.00
  • Phillis & her child Simeon […]

1833 BILL OF SALE: Boy Seaborn Sold by Rebecca CODY to Wm CASTLEBERRY

Seaborn - 1833 Bill of Sale Wm CASTLEBERRYInventory and Sale of the unwilled part of the Estate of Micheal CODY deceased (late of Warren County) sold at pable gatery at the Courthouse door in Warrenton County Warren County on the first Tuesday in June 1833 viz
Negro boy Seaborn to Wm CASTLEBERRY $100
Waggon & Gran To Rebecca CODY $75.00
$175.00
Rebecca CODY Adms
Recorded November 12th 1833
T FRANLKIN Clerk

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1854 BILL OF SALE: Sarah & Child Sold by Edmund CODY to Jesse R. BEALL

Sarah & Child - 1854 Bill of Sale Jesse R. BEALL

Sale of Negro woman and Child Sold to Jesse R BEALL on Credit of Twelve Months Sold the first Tuesday in March 1854. The property of Elizabeth CODY deceased Sold By Edmund CODY Admin. Sold Sarah & Child To Jesse. R Athensloose BEALL
for $1275.00

Ordinances Office Warrenton
Sworn and Subscribed before me March 10th 1854
Before A.R. MERSHOW

Ordinary

Recorded March 14th 1854
By Arden R MERSHOW Ordinary

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RESEARCH NOTES:

  • Name: Jesse Roundtree BEALL
  • Birth: 1 OCT 1812 in Warren County, Georgia
  • Death: 28 JAN 1898 in Louisville, Jefferson County, Georgia
  • Occupation: 1850 Overseer on farm of E. W. Johnson
  • Occupation: 1880 Farmer
  • Burial: 30 JAN 1898 Georgia
  • Census: 1880 District 78, Jefferson Co GA Fed Census, NA Film # T9-0154, p. 199D
  • Event: Note 1880 Age 68 years, born GA, married, h/h, white, male; JESSE B. BEALL

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